For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE.
Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times.
The Han expanded the empire's territory considerably, with military campaigns reaching Central Asia, Mongolia, South Korea, and Yunnan, and the recovery of Guangdong and northern Vietnam from Nanyue.
Han involvement in Central Asia and Sogdia helped establish the land route of the Silk Road, replacing the earlier path over the Himalayas to India.
Han China gradually became the largest economy of the ancient world.
Despite the Han's initial decentralization and the official abandonment of the Qin philosophy of Legalism in favor of Confucianism, Qin's legalist institutions and policies continued to be employed by the Han government and its successors.
Our Word of the Year choice serves as a symbol of each year’s most meaningful events and lookup trends.
It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year.
However, they fell quickly when their conscription for public works and a failed war with Korea provoked widespread unrest.
whose central figures were later immortalized in one of the Four Classics of Chinese literature.
At its end, Wei was swiftly overthrown by the Jin dynasty.
In 907, the Tang disintegrated completely when the local military governors became ungovernable.
The Song dynasty ended the separatist situation in 960, leading to a balance of power between the Song and Khitan Liao.